The Growing Imperative for CPA Firms to Outsource: Addressing the Talent Shortage

The accounting profession has encountered cyclical challenges in talent acquisition, spanning multiple decades. Beginning in the late 20th century, the industry witnessed robust growth in accounting enrollments, fueled by economic expansions and the allure of stable careers. However, shifts in societal values and career preferences altered this landscape, contributing to the persistent decline observed in recent years.

This historical context unveils the intricacies of talent shortages, marking distinctive phases influenced by technological disruptions, evolving educational priorities, and changing perceptions about the accounting profession. The historical trajectory delineates a narrative that underscores the persistent challenges faced by CPA firms in maintaining a robust talent pipeline.

In recent years, the landscape for Certified Public Accountants (CPAs) in the United States has witnessed a significant shift, marked by a troubling trend—declining numbers of candidates entering the accounting profession. The statistics portrayed in articles and reports from reputable sources such as the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) and several studies underscore the challenges faced by CPA firms in recruiting and retaining accounting talent. This alarming trend has far-reaching implications for both CPA firms and the clients they serve.

Unpacking the Challenges: A Looming Crisis in the Accounting Profession

Recent reports highlight a critical issue—a significant shortage of new entrants into the accounting profession. Factors contributing to this shortage are multifaceted. Challenges range from declining enrollment in accounting programs at universities to a shift in career preferences among young graduates, opting for opportunities in finance and technology, leading to a steady decrease in individuals pursuing careers in accounting.

The AICPA’s biennial report on accounting education, the CPA Exam, and hiring trends among accounting firms revealed a downward trajectory in the number of accounting graduates. In the most recent academic year, college accounting graduates dropped by 7.8% to about 47,000, while master’s degree graduates slipped by 6.4% to 18,238, exacerbating the concerns about the shrinking talent pool.

Graph showing the number of candidates taking the CPA Exam from 2006 to 2022, adapted from “Candidate Numbers for US accountancy exam drops to lowest in 17 years”, by Stephen Foley, Financial Times, published on 05/28/2023.

Impact on CPA Firms: The Urgent Need for Strategic Solutions

For CPA firms, the shortage of qualified accountants poses a myriad of challenges. These firms face a formidable task in maintaining their ability to provide essential accounting, tax, and auditing services to their clientele. The dwindling talent pool directly impacts the firms’ operational capacity, potentially compromising service quality and delivery timelines. Moreover, firms are navigating a broader landscape characterized by the impending retirement of seasoned professionals. The departure of the baby boomer generation further intensifies the strain on available talent. This confluence of events has led firms to reassess their business models, seeking innovative strategies to counter the talent shortage and ensure continued excellence in service provision.

Outsourcing as the Solution: Partnering with HCA

In light of these challenges, the imperative for CPA firms to explore alternative solutions has never been more pressing. Outsourcing emerges as a strategic avenue offering a viable solution to mitigate the talent crunch faced by firms across the industry. Here, at HCA, we present a compelling case for why CPA firms should consider outsourcing their accounting functions to us.

Addressing Specific Challenges Faced by CPA Firms

Talent Shortage: The contemporary decline in accounting enrollments echoes a multifaceted story. While recent data reveals a substantial drop in accounting graduates, it is essential to dissect the underlying reasons comprehensively. Societal shifts emphasizing alternative career paths, coupled with the allure of finance and technology sectors, have diverted young talents from traditional accounting professions.

Strategies to counteract declining enrollments necessitate a multifaceted approach. Initiatives such as enhanced scholarships, outreach programs engaging high school students, and mentorship opportunities aim to invigorate interest in accounting as a viable career choice. The implications of these declining numbers for CPA firms permeate through operational challenges, client service disruptions, and the overarching sustainability of the industry.

HCA positions itself as an innovative solution to the talent crisis in the CPA sector. By facilitating access to a global network of skilled accountants, HCA empowers firms to navigate the talent shortage with agility. This strategic approach not only mitigates the cost implications of local hiring but also enriches the talent pool with diverse, high-quality professionals. The integration of HCA’s resources can thus sustain industry growth, ensuring that firms remain competitive and resilient in the face of evolving workforce dynamics.

Cost-Effectiveness: CPA firms grappling with escalating costs associated with hiring and retaining in-house talent can leverage outsourcing as a cost-effective solution. HCA serves as the backend office for firms, eliminating the need for heavy infrastructure investments and significantly reducing operational expenses.


HCA’s model transcends geographical barriers, offering CPA firms the unique advantage of tapping into a worldwide network of professionals without the overheads associated with setting up global operations. This approach not only bridges the talent gap efficiently but also aligns with the strategic vision of cost conservation and resource optimization, fortifying firms against the financial strain of expanding their footprint internationally. 

Specialized Expertise: As firms grapple with the evolving landscape of accounting, including technological advancements, HCA offers access to specialized expertise. Our team remains abreast of the latest industry trends, including AI, machine learning, and data analytics, augmenting the capabilities of CPA firms.

HCA distinguishes itself by employing a cadre of professionals with varied experiences, from public accounting to controllership roles. This diversity fosters a rich repository of knowledge, ensuring that CPA firms benefit from a broad spectrum of expertise. With HCA’s team, firms gain access to seasoned experts well-versed in the latest industry advancements, thereby augmenting their capabilities and staying abreast in a dynamic market. 

Flexibility and Scalability: Firms partnering with HCA gain the advantage of flexibility in operations. Our services are scalable, adapting to the evolving needs of firms, whether it’s managing peak seasons or navigating fluctuations in workload.

Leveraging Data: A Compelling Case for Outsourcing

A comprehensive analysis, spanning diverse statistical insights from authoritative sources beyond AICPA, underscores the gravity of talent shortages across varied regions and demographic segments. Robust qualitative and quantitative comparisons between current talent pools and historical trends elucidate the intensification of these shortages over time.   Recent surveys and industry reports substantiate the urgency of the situation and underscore the advantages of outsourcing:  
  • The 2023 Trends report by the AICPA projected a 10% rise in accounting candidates in the early months of 2023. However, numbers are still running 20% lower than the average of the last decade.
  • An AICPA report indicated a 6.4% decrease in master’s degree graduates in accounting, signaling a concerning trend in the academic landscape.
  • The survey by AICPA, highlighting the hiring expectations of accounting firms, disclosed that 91% of respondents anticipate hiring the same number or more new graduates in the next year.

Seizing the Opportunity: Transforming the CPA Landscape

The current challenges faced by CPA firms paint a picture of urgency, necessitating a proactive approach to secure the future of accounting services. Partnering with HCA not only addresses the immediate talent shortfall but also empowers firms to refocus their efforts on core competencies while leveraging our expertise in handling accounting functions. The articles and reports highlighting the declining trends in accounting graduates serve as a clarion call for CPA firms to embrace innovative strategies. Outsourcing to HCA represents a transformative opportunity, offering a robust solution to the talent shortage crisis.

As the landscape of the accounting profession continues to evolve, firms must adapt to survive and thrive in an environment characterized by rapid changes. Partnering with HCA positions CPA firms at the forefront of this transformation, enabling them to deliver exceptional services while navigating the challenges posed by the talent shortage.

Beyond outsourcing, a holistic approach necessitates an exploration of multifaceted solutions. Mentorship programs, flexible work arrangements, and proactive industry-academia collaborations emerge as essential pillars in nurturing future talent. Predictive analyses unveil potential scenarios, contemplating the future impact of AI integration, globalization, and regulatory shifts on talent acquisition. These prognostications serve as a compass guiding the industry toward proactive strategies in an ever-evolving landscape.

In conclusion, the decision to outsource accounting functions is not merely a strategic move; it’s a pivotal step toward ensuring the sustained growth and success of CPA firms in an increasingly competitive landscape.